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Int Immunopharmacol. 2001 Sep;1(9-10):1789-95.

Severe impairment of anti-cancer effect of lipoteichoic acid-related molecule isolated from a penicillin-killed Streptococcus pyogenes in toll-like receptor 4-deficient mice.

Author information

1
Second Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokushima University School of Dentistry, Japan.

Abstract

A lipoteichoic acid-related molecule (OK-PSA) isolated from OK-432, a penicillin-killed Streptococcus pyogenes, is a potent inducer of Th1 cytokines, and elicits anti-cancer effect in tumor-bearing mice. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 is a member of the recently identified toll-like receptor family of proteins that has been implicated in lipopolysaccharide-induced cell signaling. In the present study, we have examined the role of TLR4 for OK-PSA-induced Th1-cytokine production and anti-tumor effect by using C3H/HeJ mice in which TLR4 function is impaired. Although OK-PSA strikingly induced Th1 cytokines [interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12 and IL-18] in the splenocytes derived from control animals (C3H/HeN), OK-PSA did not induce the cytokines in the splenocytes from C3H/HeJ. Furthermore, C3H/HeJ-derived splenocytes acquired the responsiveness to OK-PSA stimulation by overexpression of TLR4 gene. Finally, OK-PSA administration significantly inhibited the tumor growth and lung metastasis of syngeneic squamous cell carcinoma cells in C3H/HeN; however, no effect of OK-PSA was observed in C3H/HeJ. These findings strongly suggest that TLR4 signaling is involved in regulating OK-PSA-induced anti-cancer immunity.

PMID:
11562070
DOI:
10.1016/s1567-5769(01)00103-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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