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Invest New Drugs. 2001;19(4):311-5.

Evaluation of gemcitabine in patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a Southwest Oncology Group phase II study.

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1
Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.

Abstract

A phase II trial of gemcitabine (Gemzar), a nucleoside analogue with broad activity in solid tumors, was performed in patients with recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. A total of 26 eligible patients were registered to receive a dose of 1250 mg/m2 weekly for 3 weeks, followed by a 1 week rest. Toxicity was evaluable in 26 patients. Nausea and vomiting occured in 11 and 6 patients, repectively. Grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicities were infrequent. Two patients developed neutropenic infections. One patient developed fatal liver failure which was thought due to progressive liver metastases or infection 14 days after a single dose of gemcitabine. There were no objective treatment responses (95% CI 0-13%), with a median survival of 6 months in this highly resistant disease population. Gemcitabine is not considered active enough as monotherapy for further evaluation in this disease population.

PMID:
11561690
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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