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Arch Neurol. 2001 Sep;58(9):1425-8.

The 5-HTTPR*S/*L polymorphism and aggressive behavior in Alzheimer disease.

Author information

1
Division of Geriatrics and Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Aggressive behavior in Alzheimer disease (AD) has been linked to dysfunction of serotonin neurotransmission. Homozygosity for the long variant (*L) of an identified biallelic polymorphism of the serotonin transporter promoter region (5-HTTPR) is associated with increased expression of the transporter protein and increased speed of response to serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the *L/*L genotype and the *L allele are associated with an increased risk of aggressive symptoms in patients with AD.

DESIGN:

Case-control study.

SETTING:

University hospital geriatric psychiatry inpatient program and Alzheimer disease research center.

SUBJECTS:

Fifty-eight patients with AD with a history of aggressive behavior and 79 never-aggressive patients with AD with comparable severity of cognitive impairment.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The 5-HTTPR genotype and allele frequency.

RESULTS:

The *L/*L genotype was significantly associated with aggression in patients with AD (odds ratio, 2.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-6.5). Similar results were obtained for *L allele frequency.

CONCLUSION:

The 5-HTTPR*L allele and *L/*L genotype may predispose patients with AD to develop aggressive behavior.

PMID:
11559314
DOI:
10.1001/archneur.58.9.1425
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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