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Phytochemistry. 2001 Oct;58(3):423-8.

Soybean sterol composition and utilization by Phytophthora sojae.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409-1061, USA.

Abstract

The sterol fraction of Glycine max (soybean) was found to contain a mixture of 13 major sterols which differed dramatically in composition between seeds and shoots. Typical C4-desmethyl Delta(5)-sterols, including sitosterol, predominate the sterol mixture of shoots, whereas C4-methyl sterol intermediates, cycloartenol and 24(28)-methylene cycloartanol, accumulate in seeds. The significance of modified sterol profile of shoot compared to seed was relevant to the physiology of Phytophthora sojae, a phytopathogen of soybean shown to be auxotrophic for sterol. Sterols native to the host plant containing a C4-methyl group, such as cycloartenol, were not utilized by the fungus. Alternatively, all Delta(5)-sterols added to the culture media of P. sojae supported normal growth and promoted viable oospore production. The results demonstrate the importance of sterols in plant-fungal interactions and offer the possibility of bioengineering the phytosterol pathway for resistance to phytopathogens which scavenge specific sterols of the host plant to complete the life cycle.

PMID:
11557074
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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