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Am J Physiol. 1975 Jun;228(6):1887-92.

Longitudinal contractions in the duodenum: their fluid-mechanical function.


The hypothesis examined was that contractions of the longitudinal muscle layer occurin the duodenum which are independent of those of the circular muscle layer and that they induce flow of duodenal contents. A segment of opossum duodenum isolated in vitro was marked and photographed during periods of longitudinal muscle contraction, when the circular muscle layer appeared inactive. The prequency of longitudinal oscillation of the marked points was 20.5 cycles/min. The longitudinal displacement wave spread caudad with an average velocity of 3.27 cm/s. Frequency and velocity of electrical slow waves were determined in similiar duodenal segments. Slow-wave frquencywas 18.9 cycles/min. In a two-dimensional mechanical model, flow induced by simulatedlongitudinal muscle layer appear to be driven by the electrical slow waves of the duodenum. They are capable of inducing a pattern of flow in which ocntents flow betweenthe core and the periphery of the intestinal conduit.

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