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Heredity (Edinb). 2001 May;86(Pt 5):531-6.

Localization of ribosomal genes in Pleuronectiformes using Ag-, CMA3-banding and in situ hybridization.

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Departamento de Biología Fundamental, Area de Genética, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain.


In this paper we present the analysis of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) in five species of the order Pleuronectiformes (Scophthalmus maximus, Scophthalmus rhombus, Platichthys flesus, Solea solea and Solea lascaris), a group of fish poorly studied cytogenetically. In spite of the small chromosome sizes, which characterize the karyotypes of this group, we implement both classical (Ag- and CMA3-staining) and molecular (in situ hybridization with a major rDNA probe) techniques for NOR location. NORs were localized in a single chromosome pair in all species studied and showed size variation within each species. Evidence of a NOR-site polymorphism was detected in Platichthys flesus and Scophthalmus maximus. NOR location was apparently the same within families (S. rhombus vs. S maximus, and S. solea vs. S. lascaris) but clearly differed among families, and supports the phylogenetic relationships proposed for the order Pleuronectiformes.

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