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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2001 Sep;15(9):1459-65.

Epidermal growth factor and its receptor in chronic active gastritis and gastroduodenal ulcer before and after Helicobacter pylori eradication.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, P.R. China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Helicobacteria pylori infection of gastroduodenal mucosa is strongly associated with gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. The aims of the present study were to compare the gastroduodenal mucosal levels of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and its receptor (EGFR) among H. pylori-negative controls and H. pylori infected patients with chronic active gastritis or gastroduodenal ulcer before and after H. pylori eradication.

METHODS:

The protein levels of EGF in mucosal tissues and saliva were determined by a solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Repeat transcription-polymerase chain reaction and the following polymerase chain reaction ELISA were employed to examine the mucosal EGFR mRNA expression.

RESULTS:

Mucosal injury and H. pylori infection increased EGF protein levels and EGFR mRNA expression in the antral mucosa. The concentration of EGF in saliva was not affected by mucosal damage or H. pylori infection. Successful H. pylori eradication normalized the EGFR mRNA back to its basal level 6 weeks after treatment. However, after unsuccessful eradication their high levels in the antrum persisted. All patients experienced ulcer healing after drug treatment, regardless of H. pylori eradication.

CONCLUSIONS:

Mucosal damage increased the expression of EGF protein and EGFR mRNA in the gastric mucosa. H. pylori could induce the expression of EGFR but not the EGF in the antral mucosa. The expression of EGFR could be a contributing factor for ulcer healing in patients with H. pylori infection.

PMID:
11552919
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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