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Cancer Causes Control. 2001 Sep;12(7):607-14.

Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and risk of colorectal adenomas (United States).

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Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA. INGLES@HSC.USC.EDU



The purpose of this study was to determine whether vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms influence risk of colorectal adenoma.


Polymorphisms in the 5' and 3' ends of the VDR gene were genotyped for 373 colorectal adenoma cases and 394 controls.


Overall, there was no significant association between the 5' (FokI) or the 3' (BsmI) polymorphisms and adenoma risk. However, risk of large (>1 cm) adenomas decreased with increasing copies of the FokI f allele (p = 0.04). Compared to the FF genotype, odds ratios for the Ff and ff genotypes were 0.79 (95% CI 0.44-1.41) and 0.32 (95% CI 0.11-0.91), respectively. FokI genotype was more strongly related to large adenoma risk among subjects with low dietary calcium intake (ORFf=0.48; 95% CI 0.17-1.3; ORff=0.21: 95% CI 0.04-1.3), low dietary vitamin D intake (ORFf=0.25; 95% CI 0.09-0.69; ORff= 0.22; 95% CI 0.04-1.2), or dark skin color (ORFf=0.66; 95% CI 0.27-1.6; ORff=0.10; 95% CI 0.01-1.0).


These results suggest that VDR FokI genotype influences development of colorectal adenomas. and that the effect may be modified by calcium and vitamin D status.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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