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J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 23;276(47):44315-22. Epub 2001 Sep 10.

CD22 regulates B cell receptor-mediated signals via two domains that independently recruit Grb2 and SHP-1.

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Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.


Recognition of antigen by the B cell antigen receptor (BCR) determines the subsequent fate of a B cell and is regulated in part by the involvement of other surface molecules, termed coreceptors. CD22 is a B cell-restricted coreceptor that gets rapidly tyrosyl-phosphorylated and recruits various signaling molecules to the membrane following BCR ligation. Although CD22 contains three immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIMs), only the two carboxyl-terminal ITIM tyrosines are required for efficient recruitment of the SHP-1 phosphatase after BCR ligation. Furthermore, Grb2 is inducibly recruited to CD22 in human and murine B cells. Unlike SHP-1, Grb2 recruitment to CD22 is not inhibited by specific doses of the Src family kinase-specific inhibitor PP1. The tyrosine residue in CD22 required for Grb2 recruitment (Tyr-828) is distinct and independent from the two ITIM tyrosines required for efficient SHP-1 recruitment (Tyr-843 and Tyr-863). Individually both Lyn and Syk are required for maximal phosphorylation of CD22 following ligation of the BCR, and together Lyn and Syk are required for all of the constitutive and induced tyrosine phosphorylation of CD22. We propose that the cytoplasmic tail of CD22 contains two domains that regulate signal transduction pathways initiated by the BCR and B cell fate.

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