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Genet Test. 2001 Summer;5(2):87-92.

Rapid detection of the two common mutations in Ashkenazi Jewish patients with mucolipidosis type IV.

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Department of Neurology, New York University School of Medicine, NY 10016, USA.

Erratum in

  • Genet Test 2001 Fall;5(3):273.


Among Ashkenazi Jewish individuals with mucolipidosis IV (ML IV), two mutations in the ML IV gene, IVS3-1A --> G and delEX1-EX7, account for more than 95% of disease alleles. The reported method of genotyping for the delEX1-EX7 mutation involves a cumbersome multistep procedure. In the present study, a new simplified one-step procedure is described that detects this mutation in both patients and carriers. An improved procedure is also described for detection of the IVS3-1A --> G mutation. Using these improved procedures, we have characterized the ML IV mutant alleles in 27 patients and 95 of their relatives from 22 families, and in 123 unrelated and unaffected Ashkenazi Jewish controls. Of the 27 ML IV patients, 16 patients (59.3%) were found to be homozygous for the IVS3-1A --> G mutation and 1 patient (3.7%) homozygous for the delEX1-EX7 mutation. Additionally, 9 patients (33.3%) were compound heterozygotes for IVS3-1A --> G/delEX1-EX7. Among the 123 Ashkenazi Jewish controls, two individuals were identified as heteroallelic with one IVS3-1A --> G mutation (carrier frequency: approximately 1 in 61); none showed the delEX1-EX7 mutation. The modifications described here provide a more facile means of genotyping patients and carriers and expand the possibilities for screening at-risk populations.

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