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J Hum Hypertens. 2001 Sep;15(9):635-42.

Acute effect of clonidine on left ventricular pressure-volume relation in hypertensive patients with diastolic heart dysfunction.

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1
Hippokration Hospital, Department of Cardiology, University of Athens, Greece.

Abstract

We sought to assess the haemodynamic effects of clonidine on left ventricular (LV) pressure-volume relation in patients with diastolic heart dysfunction due to essential hypertension. Towards this end, simultaneous recordings of LV volume (acoustic quantification) and LV pressure (micromanometer) were obtained in 10 such patients before and after drug administration and compared to baseline findings on 10 matched normal controls. The following measurements and calculations were obtained: maximal positive and negative first derivative of LV pressure (peak +dP/dt and peak -dP/dt, respectively), LV minimal and end-diastolic pressure, peak systolic blood pressure, time constant of relaxation (TAU), LV stroke work and LV stiffness constant. The two invasive indexes, LV stiffness constant and TAU classified 10/10 patients as having abnormal LV diastolic function compared with 7/10 patients so classified by Doppler studies. Central sympathetic suppression by a single oral dose of clonidine 0.125 mg in these patients resulted within 60 min in a decrease of heart rate and mean arterial pressure as well as a significant improvement of LV diastolic function indexes. Specifically, the LV stiffness constant (ml(-1)), in normal subjects was 0.0028 vs 0.0152 (P < 0.001) in hypertensive subjects at baseline, vs 0.0053 in hypertensive after clonidine (P < 0.001 vs baseline). Likewise, the E/A ratio, was 1.08 in normal subjects vs 0.88 (P < 0.0001) in hypertensives at baseline, vs 1.28 in hypertensives after clonidine (P < 0.0001 vs baseline). With clonidine the diastolic portion of the pressure-volume curve was displaced downward. In conclusion, clonidine can improve diastolic dysfunction without depressing systolic LV performance. The improvement may be attributable in part to withdrawal of direct sympathetic influence on the myocardium and in part to the indirect effect of systemic, pulmonary and coronary artery relaxation.

PMID:
11550110
DOI:
10.1038/sj.jhh.1001243
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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