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Genomics. 2001 Aug;76(1-3):45-57.

A high-resolution 6.0-megabase transcript map of the type 2 diabetes susceptibility region on human chromosome 20.

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Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 27157, USA.


Recent linkage studies and association analyses indicate the presence of at least one type 2 diabetes susceptibility gene in human chromosome region 20q12-q13.1. We have constructed a high-resolution 6.0-megabase (Mb) transcript map of this interval using two parallel, complementary strategies to construct the map. We assembled a series of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) contigs from 56 overlapping BAC clones, using STS/marker screening of 42 genes, 43 ESTs, 38 STSs, 22 polymorphic, and 3 BAC end sequence markers. We performed map assembly with GraphMap, a software program that uses a greedy path searching algorithm, supplemented with local heuristics. We anchored the resulting BAC contigs and oriented them within a yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) scaffold by observing the retention patterns of shared markers in a panel of 21 YAC clones. Concurrently, we assembled a sequence-based map from genomic sequence data released by the Human Genome Project, using a seed-and-walk approach. The map currently provides near-continuous coverage between SGC32867 and WI-17676 ( approximately 6.0 Mb). EST database searches and genomic sequence alignments of ESTs, mRNAs, and UniGene clusters enabled the annotation of the sequence interval with experimentally confirmed and putative transcripts. We have begun to systematically evaluate candidate genes and novel ESTs within the transcript map framework. So far, however, we have found no statistically significant evidence of functional allelic variants associated with type 2 diabetes. The combination of the BAC transcript map, YAC-to-BAC scaffold, and reference Human Genome Project sequence provides a powerful integrated resource for future genomic analysis of this region.

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