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Radiol Clin North Am. 2001 Jul;39(4):597-618, ix.

Ultrasound in pediatric musculoskeletal disease: techniques and applications.

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University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA.


The increased ratio of nonossified cartilage to bone in children makes ultrasound (US) a particularly suitable technique for evaluating pediatric musculoskeletal disorders. US allows the examiner to compare quickly and meticulously an affected to unaffected area of interest in different orthogonal planes without a need for sedation. Developmental dysplasia of the hip is the most common indication for pediatric musculoskeletal US. Sonography is also a cost-effective, useful, and complementary imaging tool for evaluating pediatric musculoskeletal trauma, inflammation-infection, and masses.

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