Send to

Choose Destination
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2001 Aug;56(3-4):474-7.

The fungus Pestalotiopsis guepini as a model for biotransformation of ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin.

Author information

Division of Microbiology, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, AR 72079, USA.


The metabolism of the fluoroquinolone drugs ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin by Pestalotiopsis guepini strain P-8 was investigated. Cultures were grown at 28 degrees C in sucrose/peptone broth for 18 days after dosing with ciprofloxacin (300 microM) or norfloxacin (313 microM). Four major metabolites were produced from each drug; and these were purified by high-performance liquid chromatography and identified by mass spectrometry and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Ciprofloxacin metabolites included N-acetylciprofloxacin (52.0%), desethylene-N-acetylciprofloxacin (9.2%), N-formylciprofloxacin (4.2%), and 7-amino-1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (2.3%). Norfloxacin metabolites included N-acetylnorfloxacin (55.4%), desethylene-N-acetylnorfloxacin (8.8%), N-formylnorfloxacin (3.6%), and 7-amino-1-ethyl-6-fluoro4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (2.1%). N-Formylciprofloxacin and the four transformation products from norfloxacin are all known to be mammalian metabolites.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center