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Jpn Circ J. 2001 Sep;65(9):808-14.

Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases in the non-ischemic myocardium of an acute myocardial infarction in rats.

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Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Osaka City University Medical School, Osaka, Japan.


As one of the signal transduction pathways related to myocardial remodeling, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) possibly play an important role in ischemic heart disease, but it is still unknown whether myocardial MAPKs are activated in the non-ischemic region of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Therefore, the present study investigated the myocardial activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), c-Jun NH2 terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38MAPK during the acute phase of an infarction of the rat heart, and measured the geometrical ventricular changes by echocardiography. All MAPKs were significantly activated in the ischemic myocardium (IM), non-ischemic septal wall (SW), and right ventricular wall (RV). Furthermore, the activation patterns of MAPKs differed in each region. The activation of p44ERK, JNKs and p38MAPK in the IM occurred rapidly after myocardial ischemia, followed by those in the SW and RV. The activator protein-1 DNA binding activities of the IM, SW and RV increased significantly at I day after coronary ligation. Echocardiography showed increased SW motion and RV dilatation. In conclusion, this is the first in vivo evidence that myocardial MAPKs are activated in the non-ischemic region of an AMI. Echocardiographic results suggest that acceleration of workload and/or stretch may partially induce the activation of MAPKs.

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