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Annu Rev Microbiol. 2001;55:381-406.

Homology-dependent gene silencing mechanisms in fungi.

Author information

1
Dipartimento Biotecnologie Cellulari ed Ematologia, Sezione Genetica Molecolare, Policlinico Umberto I, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, 00161 Italy. carlo@bce.med.uniroma1.it

Abstract

Homology-dependent gene silencing (HDGS) is a ubiquitous phenomenon among fungi, plants, and animals. Gene silencing can be triggered and can affect artificially introduced nucleic acid molecules, both DNA and RNA, and/or can act on endogenous duplicated sequences. Although the various HDGS phenomena may be related each other, probably deriving from an ancestral defense mechanism, relevant differences do exist between different HDGS mechanisms. Especially in fungi, a variety of HDGS phenomena have been uncovered during the past 10 years: Gene inactivation of duplicated sequences can be achieved either through DNA-methylation and block of transcription or through sequence-specific degradation of mRNA. Moreover, duplicated sequences can also be specifically mutagenized. Studying HDGS in fungi gives us the opportunity to study such complex mechanisms in relatively simple organisms in which both genetic and biochemical approaches can be easily used.

PMID:
11544361
DOI:
10.1146/annurev.micro.55.1.381
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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