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Prostate. 2001 Sep 15;48(4):231-41.

GDEP, a new gene differentially expressed in normal prostate and prostate cancer.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Division of Basic Sciences, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4255, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The database of human expressed sequence tags (dbEST) is a potential source for the identification of tissue specific genes. The database contains sequences that originate from cDNA libraries from different tissues cell types and tumors.

METHODS:

Computer based analysis identified a cluster of sequence homologous ESTs, containing ESTs derived only from human prostate cDNA libraries. The tissue specificity was examined by multiple tissue RNA dot blots and RT-PCR. The new RNA transcript was characterized using northern blot analysis, RACE-PCR, and a ribonuclease protection assay.

RESULTS:

We have identified a gene differentially expressed in prostate using EST database analysis and experimental studies. We name the gene GDEP for gene differentially expressed in prostate. The major GDEP transcript is about 520 bp long. GDEP RNA was detected in nine prostate tissue samples, four normal and five cancer. Expression in prostate epithelial cells was established by in situ hybridization. Weak expression was detected in the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. In vitro transcription/translation indicate that the RNA encodes a small 34 amino acid protein. The major transcript consists of two exons with one large intron (> 15 kb). The GDEP gene was mapped to chromosome 4q21.1 by radiation hybrid mapping.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data proves that tissue specific genes can be identified by EST database mining. The prostate specificity of GDEP expression indicates that GDEP may be useful in the diagnosis or treatment of prostate cancer. Published 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
11536302
DOI:
10.1002/pros.1102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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