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Blood. 2001 Sep 15;98(6):1882-8.

Differential cellular targets of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection between acute EBV-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and chronic active EBV infection.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Angiogenesis and Vascular Development, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan. ykasa@ped.m.kanazawa-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Unusual Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection into T or natural killer cells plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of acute EBV-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) and chronic active EBV infection (CAEBV). The precise frequency and localization of EBV genome in lymphocyte subpopulations especially within T-cell subpopulations are unclear in these EBV-related disorders. This study analyzed the frequency of EBV-infected cells in circulating lymphocyte subpopulations from 4 patients with acute EBV-HLH and 4 with CAEBV. EBV- encoded small RNA-1 in situ hybridization examination of peripheral blood lymphocytes showed a significantly higher frequency of EBV-infected cells of 1.0% to 13.4% in EBV-HLH and 1.6% to 25.6% in CAEBV, respectively. The patterns of EBV infection in lymphocyte subpopulations were quite different between acute EBV-HLH and CAEBV. EBV infection was predominant in CD8(+) T cells in all EBV-HLH patients, whereas the dominant EBV-infected cell populations were non-CD8(+) lymphocyte subpopulations in CAEBV patients. Phenotypical analysis revealed that EBV-infected cell populations from both EBV-HLH and CAEBV were activated. There was no predominance of any EBV substrain of latent membrane protein-1, EBV-associated nuclear antigen (EBNA)-1, and EBNA-2 genes between the 2 abnormal EBV-associated disorders, and self-limited acute infectious mononucleosis. These results showing differential virus-cell interactions between acute EBV-HLH and CAEBV indicated different pathogenic mechanisms against EBV infection between the 2 EBV-associated diseases, which accounts for the difference in clinical manifestations between the 2 diseases.

PMID:
11535525
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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