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Cell Prolif. 2001 Aug;34(4):233-41.

Modulation of the expression of the Cip/Kip family of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors in foetal developing lungs of hamsters.

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1
Department of Pathology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Abstract

We examine the cell proliferation activity and expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors of the Cip/Kip family, p21Cip1, p27Kip1 and p57Kip2, in foetal hamster lungs to determine the expression patterns of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors and to clarify the relationship between expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors and lung development. Foetal hamster lungs on gestational days 12.5-16 (the day of birth) and adult lungs were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde. Frozen sections were immunostained for the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, and examined by immunostaining for Ki-67 and bromodeoxyuridine to determine the proliferation activity of the foetal lungs. During the foetal period, cell proliferation activity, as analysed by Ki-67 or bromodeoxyuridine labelling, decreased with development of the lung. In contrast to the gradual decrease of cell proliferation activity, cells with p27Kip1 immunoreactivity increased with development. On the other hand, p21Cip1-positive cells were most prominent around gestational day 14.5, while after birth positive cells decreased markedly. A few p57Kip2-positive cells were detected in the bronchiolar epithelium on gestational day 14.5. Western blotting analyses confirmed these immunostaining patterns. Thus, the levels of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors of the Cip/Kip family are modulated in the lungs during the foetal period, and each shows a unique expression pattern. The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors may play roles not only in regulating cell proliferation activity but also in regulating other functions such as differentiation in the lung during the foetal period.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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