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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2001 Jul;58(8):1141-9.

1Alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 inhibits hepatic chromosomal aberrations, DNA strand breaks and specific DNA adducts during rat hepatocarcinogenesis.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Calcutta, India.


The possible promoting effect of streptozotocin (STZ; 65 mg/kg body weight, intraperitoneal)-induced diabetes during 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF; 0.04% in basal diet)-initiated hepatocarcinogenesis and modulatory effect of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3; 0.3 microg/0.1 ml in propylene glycol, per os) were investigated by monitoring chromosomal aberrations (CAs), DNA strand breaks and specific DNA adducts in rat liver. VD3 treatment (twice a week) was started 4 weeks before the 2-AAF regimen and continued throughout the study. Aberrant metaphase chromosomes were counted from the regenerating hepatocytes 15, 30 or 45 weeks after STZ injection, while DNA strand break and adduct assays were performed 45 days post-STZ treatment. Dietary exposure to 2-AAF elicited a substantial increase in CAs and elevated the extent of DNA strand breaks and formation of N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-aminofluorene. A promoting effect of STZ was evident from CAs coupled with DNA strand break analysis. VD3 treatment substantially reducted 2-AAF+STZ-induced CAs as well as DNA strand breaks and adducts. Thus, VD3 appears to be effective in suppressing liver-specific early chromosomal as well as DNA damage during the process of rat hepatocarcinogenesis initiated with 2-AAF and promoted by STZ contributing to its promise as a cancer chemotherapeutic agent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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