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Microcirculation. 2001 Aug;8(4):251-63.

Vascular dysfunction induced by AGE is mediated by VEGF via mechanisms involving reactive oxygen species, guanylate cyclase, and protein kinase C.

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Diabetes Metabolism Unit, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.



These experiments were designed to elucidate mechanisms mediating vascular dysfunction induced by advanced glycation end products (AGEs).


Skin chambers were mounted on the backs of Sprague-Dawley rats and 1 week later, granulation tissue that formed in the bottom of the chamber was exposed twice daily for 7 days to glycated rat serum albumin in the presence and absence of inhibitors of reactive oxygen intermediates, nitric oxide synthase and guanylate cyclase, protein kinase C (PKC), and a neutralizing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody. Vascular (125)I-albumin clearance and blood flow were quantified by use of a double isotope-dilution technique and radiolabeled microspheres, respectively.


Albumin permeation and blood flow were increased dose-dependently to a maximum of 2 to 3 times controls by increasing the extent of glucose modification, the concentration, or the duration of exposure to glycated albumin. These increases were significantly attenuated by probucol and superoxide dismutase; N(G)-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor; LY83583, a guanylate cyclase inhibitor; and LY333531, a beta-isoform-selective protein kinase C inhibitor. A neutralizing VEGF monoclonal antibody also markedly attenuated the permeability and blood flow increases induced by glycated albumin.


These observations indicate potentially important roles for oxygen free-radicals and nitric oxide in mediating permeability and blood flow changes induced by glycated proteins via mechanisms involving increased protein kinase C activity and VEGF production. Striking similarities in the mechanism by which hyperglycemia and glycated proteins induce vascular dysfunction suggest that a common pathway mediates effects of these different metabolic imbalances on vascular dysfunction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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