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Nat Genet. 2001 Sep;29(1):61-5.

Mutant beta-spectrin 4 causes auditory and motor neuropathies in quivering mice.

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The Virginia Merrill Bloedel Hearing Research Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, USA.


The autosomal recessive mouse mutation quivering (qv), which arose spontaneously in 1953, produces progressive ataxia with hind limb paralysis, deafness and tremor. Six additional spontaneous alleles, qvJ, qv2J, qv3J, qv4J, qvlnd and qvlnd2J, have been identified. Ear twitch responses (Preyer's reflex) to sound are absent in homozygous qv/qv mice, although cochlear morphology seems normal and cochlear potentials recorded at the round window are no different from those of control mice. However, responses from brainstem auditory nuclei show abnormal transmission of auditory information, indicating that, in contrast to the many known mutations causing deafness originating in the cochlea, deafness in qv is central in origin. Here we report that quivering mice carry loss-of-function mutations in the mouse beta-spectrin 4 gene (Spnb4) that cause alterations in ion channel localization in myelinated nerves; this provides a rationale for the auditory and motor neuropathies of these mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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