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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Sep 7;286(5):1003-10.

Isolation of Bcl-2 binding proteins that exhibit homology with BAG-1 and suppressor of death domains protein.

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Department of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, BST E1055, 211 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213-2582, USA.


The Bcl-2 oncoprotein is a potent inhibitor of apoptosis and is overexpressed in a variety of different malignancies. Bcl-2 function is regulated through heterodimerization with other members of the Bcl-2 protein family. In addition, several proteins that are not members of the Bcl-2 family can bind to Bcl-2, including BAG-1 protein. In this study, we screened for proteins that bind to Bcl-2, and isolated two additional members of the BAG-1 protein family, BAG-3 and BAG-4. The BAG-4 protein that we cloned also corresponds to the recently isolated suppressor of death domains (SODD) protein, a molecule that binds and inhibits signaling by tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1). Both BAG-3 and BAG-4/SODD were found to physically associate with Bcl-2, and both proteins are well conserved from human to mouse. A region of homology, comprising 68 amino acids, is present in the carboxyl termini of BAG-3 and BAG-4/SODD, and this region corresponds with sequences termed BAG domains that are found in other members of the BAG-1 protein family. In BAG-3 and BAG-4/SODD, the BAG domains appear to constitute the Bcl-2 binding regions of these molecules. BAG-3 and BAG-4/SODD, like BAG-1, were also shown to bind to Hsp70 inside the cell. Moreover, BAG-3 overexpression modestly inhibited apoptosis resulting from cytokine deprivation of IL-3-dependent 32D cells. Together, our findings demonstrate that other members of the BAG-1 protein family, namely BAG-3 and BAG-4/SODD, bind to Bcl-2 and provide a potential link between pathways regulated by Bcl-2 and pathways regulated by Hsp70, as well as TNFR1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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