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J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 9;276(45):42401-8. Epub 2001 Aug 27.

Stabilization of cortical actin induces internalization of transient receptor potential 3 (Trp3)-associated caveolar Ca2+ signaling complex and loss of Ca2+ influx without disruption of Trp3-inositol trisphosphate receptor association.

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Secretory Physiology Section, Gene Therapy and Therapeutics Branch, NIDCR, National Institutes of Health Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Ca(2+) influx via plasma membrane Trp3 channels is proposed to be regulated by a reversible interaction with inositol trisphosphate receptor (IP(3)R) in the endoplasmic reticulum. Condensation of the cortical actin layer has been suggested to physically disrupt this interaction and inhibit Trp3-mediated Ca(2+) influx. This study examines the effect of cytoskeletal reorganization on the localization and function of Trp3 and key Ca(2+) signaling proteins. Calyculin-A treatment resulted in formation of condensed actin layer at the plasma membrane; internalization of Trp3, Galpha(q/11), phospholipase Cbeta, and caveolin-1; and attenuation of 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol- and ATP-stimulated Sr(2+) influx. Importantly, Trp3 and IP(3)R-3 remained co-localized inside the cell and were co-immunoprecipitated. Jasplakinolide also induced internalization of Trp3 and caveolin-1. Pretreatment of cells with cytochalasin D or staurosporine did not affect Trp3 but prevented calyculin-A-induced effects. Based on these data, we suggest that Trp3 is assembled in a caveolar Ca(2+) signaling complex with IP(3)R, SERCA, Galpha(q/11), phospholipase Cbeta, caveolin-1, and ezrin. Furthermore, our data demonstrate that conditions which stabilize cortical actin induce loss of Trp3 activity due to internalization of the Trp3-signaling complex, not disruption of IP(3)R-Trp3 interaction. This suggests that localization of the Trp3-associated signaling complex, rather than Trp3-IP(3)R coupling, depends on the status of the actin cytoskeleton.

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