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Mol Genet Genomics. 2001 Aug;265(6):954-63.

Ionising radiation induces the expression of PARP-1 and PARP-2 genes in Arabidopsis.

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CEA/Cadarache, DSV-DEVM-Laboratoire de Radiobiologie Végétale, Saint Paul-lez-Durance, France.


By screening for Arabidopsis genes activated by ionising radiation (IR)-induced DNA damage, we have isolated a cDNA hybridising with a 3.2-kb mRNA that accumulates rapidly and strongly in irradiated cell suspensions or whole plants. The cDNA codes for a 110-kDa protein that is highly homologous to the 116-kDa vertebrate poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP-1). It is recognised by a human anti-PARP-1 antibody, binds efficiently to DNA strand interruptions in vitro, and catalyses DNA damage-dependent (ADP-ribose) polymer synthesis. We have named this protein AtPARP-1. We have also extended our observations to the Arabidopsis app (AtPARP-2) gene, demonstrating for the first time that IR-induced DNA strand interruptions induce rapid and massive accumulation of AtPARP-1 and AtPARP-2 transcripts, whereas dehydration and cadmium preferentially induce the accumulation of AtPARP-2 transcripts. The IR-induced PARP gene expression seen in Arabidopsis is in striking contrast to the post-translational activation of the PARP-1 protein that is associated with genotoxic stress in animal cells. AtPARP-1 transcripts accumulate in all plant organs after exposure to ionising radiation, but this is followed by an increase in AtPARP-1 protein levels only in tissues that contain large amounts of actively dividing cells. This cell-type specific accumulation of AtPARP-1 protein in response to DNA damage is compatible with a role for the AtPARP-1 protein in the maintenance of DNA integrity during replication, similar to the role of "guardian of the genome" attributed to its animal counterpart.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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