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Hinyokika Kiyo. 2001 Jul;47(7):459-65.

[Effects of cernitin pollen-extract (Cernilton) on inflammatory cytokines in sex-hormone-induced nonbacterial prostatitis rats].

[Article in Japanese]

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Ome Research Laboratories, Tobishi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.


Cernitin pollen-extract (Cernilton, CN) is a preparation made from eight kinds of pollen and has been used for various prostatic diseases in Japan and Europe. We reported previously that CN possessed a recovery action on the sex-hormone-induced nonbacterial prostatitis in rats. To clarify the possible mechanism of action of CN, we investigated the effects of CN on inflammatory cytokines (IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha) in the same model. Aged Wistar rats were castrated and injected 17 beta-estradiol (0.25 mg/kg/day, s.c.) for 30 days. CN (630 and 1,260 mg/kg, p.o.) or testosterone (2.5 mg/kg, s.c.) was administered for the last 14 days of the treatment of 17 beta-estradiol. In control rats, prostatic IL-6 and TNF-alpha contents were increased approximately 2-3 fold, and acinar glandular inflammation and stromal proliferation were found histopathologically, as compared with those of intact rats. On the other hand, CN decreased the increased contents of cytokines in a dose-dependent manner. The histopathological changes mentioned above were restored in rats treated with 1,260 mg/kg. Testosterone also ameliorated them significantly. These results indicate that CN has an anti-inflammatory action, and that the inhibitory effect of CN on the prostatic inflammatory cytokine is an important factor in its action.

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