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Cancer Res. 2001 Sep 1;61(17):6356-9.

Helicobacter pylori membrane protein 1: a new carcinogenic factor of Helicobacter pylori.

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Saitama Cancer Center, Saitama 362-0806, Japan.


Considering a suspected link between Helicobacter pylori infection and human stomach cancer, a new H. pylori gene for membrane protein 1 (HP-MP1) was recently cloned. Because HP-MP1 induces release of inflammatory cytokines and tumor necrosis factor-alpha acts as both initiator and tumor promoter, we studied the possible involvement of HP-MP1 in carcinogenesis of H. pylori. Two cell lines, BALB/3T3 cells as control and v-Ha-ras-transfected BALB/3T3 cells (Bhas 42 cells) as putative initiated cells, were each transfected with HP-MP1, urease B genes, or vector alone. All of the Bhas/mpl clones showed strong expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene and produced tumors in 100% of nude mice. Two Bhas/ure clones showed weak tumorigenicity; the other Bhas and BALB clones showed none. Results indicate strong carcinogenic activity of HP-MP1 in cooperation with viral Ras protein and weak activity of urease B.

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