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Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Sep;74(3):308-14.

Effects of a National Cholesterol Education Program Step II Diet on apolipoprotein A-IV metabolism within triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins and plasma.

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Lipid Metabolism Laboratory and the Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA.



Apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV is a major component of triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein (TRL) apolipoproteins.


We investigated the effects of dietary saturated fat and cholesterol restriction on the metabolism of TRL and plasma apo A-IV.


We assessed TRL and plasma apo A-IV kinetics in 16 and 4 subjects, respectively, consuming an average US (baseline) diet for 6 wk and a National Cholesterol Education Program Step II diet for 24 wk, respectively. At the end of each diet period, all subjects received a primed, constant infusion of deuterated leucine for 15 h with hourly feeding. Ratios of stable-isotope tracer to tracee were measured by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and kinetic data were modeled by using SAAM II.


Mean apo A-IV concentrations during the isotope infusion period were 6.9 +/- 2.6 mg/L in TRL and 2.2 +/- 3.2 mg/L in plasma with the baseline diet; these values were 37.7% (P < 0.001) and 19.4% (P < 0.01) lower with the Step II diet. Similar changes were observed in the fasting state between the 2 diets. The mean apo A-IV secretion rate decreased significantly from baseline by 59.6% in TRLs and by 40.2% in plasma. Significant correlations were observed between TRL apo A-IV concentrations and the secretion rate (r = 0.94, P < 0.001) and between TRL apo A-IV pool size and TRL-cholesterol concentrations (r = 0.48, P < 0.01).


Our data indicate that the National Cholesterol Education Program Step II diet significantly decreases TRL and plasma apo A-IV concentrations compared with the average US diet and that this decrease is due to a decreased secretion rate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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