Send to

Choose Destination
J Diabetes Complications. 2001 Sep-Oct;15(5):257-9.

Inflammatory cytokines in vitreous fluid and serum of patients with diabetic vitreoretinopathy.

Author information

Department of Ophthalmology, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.


To determine whether inflammatory cytokines are increased in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. We measured concentrations of interleukin-6, 8 (IL-6, 8) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in vitreous and serum from 47 patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and 21 patients with vitreous noninflammatory retinopathies. Vitreous concentration of IL-6 were 64.7+/-12.8 pg/ml in proliferative diabetic retinopathy, much greater (P<.005) than in noninflammatory retinopathy (2.8+/-4.5 pg/ml). Amounts of IL-8 in vitreous fluid also were greater in proliferative retinopathy than in noninflammatory retinopathy (34.0+/-11.5 vs. 6.1+/-2.0 pg/ml, P<.005). Concentrations of TNF-alpha in vitreous fluid were not statistically different in proliferative retinopathy from those in noninflammatory retinopathy. In sera, concentrations of IL-6 and IL-8 were not different between proliferative and noninflammatory retinopathy. However, serum TNF-alpha was much greater in proliferative retinopathy than in noninflammatory retinopathy (0.81+/-0.72 vs. 0.09+/-0.00 pg/ml, P<.001). Elevated TNF-alpha in serum then may be diagnostically useful in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. And inflammatory cytokines in vitreous may be pathogenically important in this concentration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center