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J Med Chem. 2001 Aug 30;44(18):2990-3000.

Identification of potent non-peptide somatostatin antagonists with sst(3) selectivity.

Author information

1
Institut Henri Beaufour, 5 Avenue du Canada, F-91966 Les Ulis, France. lydie.poitout@beaufour-ipsen.com

Abstract

Using a solution-phase parallel synthesis strategy, a series of non-peptide somatostatin analogues were prepared, and their binding affinities to the five human somatostatin receptor subtypes (sst(1-5)) were determined. Imidazolyl derivatives 2 were found to bind with moderate affinity but with high selectivity to the sst(3) receptor subtype. Further modifications of these structures led to a more potent class of ligands, the tetrahydro-beta-carboline derivatives 4. Among these, compounds 4k (BN81644) and 4n (BN81674) bind selectively and with high affinity to the sst(3) receptor subtype (K(i) = 0.64 and 0.92 nM, respectively). Furthermore, 4k and 4n reverse the inhibition of cyclic AMP accumulation induced by 1 nM somatostatin via sst(3) receptors, with IC(50) = 2.7 and 0.84 nM, respectively. The most potent compound 4n was shown to be a competitive antagonist of human sst(3) receptors by increasing the EC(50) of SRIF-14-mediated inhibition of cAMP accumulation with a K(B) of 2.8 nM (where K(B) is the concentration of antagonist that shifts the agonist dose-response 2-fold). These new derivatives are, to our knowledge, the first potent and highly selective non-peptide human sst(3) antagonists known and, as such, are useful tools for investigating the physiological role of sst(3) receptors.

PMID:
11520208
DOI:
10.1021/jm0108449
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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