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Nature. 2001 Aug 23;412(6849):826-31.

Haematopoietic cell-specific CDM family protein DOCK2 is essential for lymphocyte migration.

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  • 1Division of Immunogenetics, Department of Immunobiology and Neuroscience, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, and CREST, Japan.

Abstract

Cell migration is a fundamental biological process involving membrane polarization and cytoskeletal dynamics, both of which are regulated by Rho family GTPases. Among these molecules, Rac is crucial for generating the actin-rich lamellipodial protrusion, a principal part of the driving force for movement. The CDM family proteins, Caenorhabditis elegans CED-5, human DOCK180 and Drosophila melanogaster Myoblast City (MBC), are implicated to mediate membrane extension by functioning upstream of Rac. Although genetic analysis has shown that CED-5 and Myoblast City are crucial for migration of particular types of cells, physiological relevance of the CDM family proteins in mammals remains unknown. Here we show that DOCK2, a haematopoietic cell-specific CDM family protein, is indispensable for lymphocyte chemotaxis. DOCK2-deficient mice (DOCK2-/-) exhibited migration defects of T and B lymphocytes, but not of monocytes, in response to chemokines, resulting in several abnormalities including T lymphocytopenia, atrophy of lymphoid follicles and loss of marginal-zone B cells. In DOCK2-/- lymphocytes, chemokine-induced Rac activation and actin polymerization were almost totally abolished. Thus, in lymphocyte migration DOCK2 functions as a central regulator that mediates cytoskeletal reorganization through Rac activation.

PMID:
11518968
DOI:
10.1038/35090591
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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