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Mol Endocrinol. 2001 Sep;15(9):1471-83.

Endoplasmic reticulum stress prolongs GH-induced Janus kinase (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT5) signaling pathway.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institute, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden.


The desensitization of the GH-induced Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) signaling pathway plays a crucial role in GH regulation of hepatic genes. Previous studies have demonstrated that the inactivation of the GH-induced JAK2/STAT5 pathway is regulated by protein translation and suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS). In this study we sought to explore the relationships between endoplasmic reticulum stress, GH-induced JAK2/STAT5 activity and SOCS expression. 1,2-bis(o-Aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N,N-tetraacetic acid (acetoxymethyl)ester (BAPTA-AM), used to provoke endoplasmic reticulum stress, caused a drastic inhibition of protein translation that correlated with the phosphorylation of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2alpha. Both GH and BAPTA-AM caused a rapid induction of the transcription factor C/EBP homology protein (CHOP) and an additive effect was observed with combined treatment, which suggests a regulatory role of GH on endoplasmic reticulum stress. Endoplasmic reticulum stress did not interfere with the rapid GH activation of STAT5 DNA binding activity. However, BAPTA-AM prolonged the DNA binding activity of STAT5 without affecting STAT5 or JAK2 protein levels. GH-induced phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT5 DNA binding activity were prolonged in the presence of BAPTA-AM, suggesting that endoplasmic reticulum stress prevents the inactivation of STAT5 DNA binding activity by modulating the rate of JAK2/STAT5 dephosphorylation. Like BAPTA-AM, the endoplasmic reticulum stressors dithiothreitol and A23187 also prolonged the GH-induced STAT5 DNA binding activity. We were not able to correlate BAPTA-AM effects to the GH-dependent expression of SOCS proteins or SOCS mRNA, suggesting that endoplasmic reticulum stress modulates the rate of JAK2/STAT5 dephosphorylation through mechanisms other than inhibition of SOCS expression. This study indicates that cellular stress may modulate transcription through the JAK/STAT pathway.

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