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Syst Appl Microbiol. 2001 Jul;24(2):149-56.

Sequence heterogeneity of the ten rRNA operons in Clostridium perfringens.

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Department of Microbiology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan.


We have cloned and sequenced rRNA operons of Clostridium perfringens strain 13 and analyzed the sequence structure in view of the phylogenesis. The organism had ten copies of rRNA operons all of that comprised of 16S, 23S and 5S rDNAs except for one operon. The operons clustered around the origin of replication, ranging within one-third of the whole genome sequence as it is arranged in a circle. Seven operons were transcribed in clockwise direction, and the remaining three were transcribed in counter clockwise direction assuming that the gyrA was transcribed in clockwise direction. Two of the counter clockwise operons contained tRNA(Ile) genes between the 16S and 23S rDNAs, and the other had a tRNA(Ile) genes between the 16S and 23S rDNAs and a tRNA(Asn) gene in the place of the 5S rDNA. Microheterogeneity was found within the rRNA structural genes and spacer regions. The length of each 16S, 23S and 5S rDNA were almost identical among the ten operons, however, the intergenic spacer region of 16S-23S and 23S-5S were variable in the length depending on loci of the rRNA operons on the chromosome. Nucleotide sequences of the helix 19, helix 19a, helix 20 and helix 21 of 23S rDNA were divergent and the diversity appeared to be correlated with the loci of the rRNA operons on the chromosome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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