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Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2001 May;9(2):198-208.

Effects of chronic morphine treatment on responding for intracranial stimulation in female versus male rats.

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Department of Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-4820, USA.


Morphine was administered to Sprague-Dawley rats twice daily at 0, 3, 10, and 20 mg/kg/ injection during Weeks 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively; responding for medial forebrain bundle stimulation was assessed 1, 2, and 3 hr after morning injections in female versus male rats. There were no sex differences in responding under control conditions (Week 1). Morphine's effect on response rate depended on dose, time post-injection, stimulation frequency, and day of treatment. Significant sex differences in morphine's effects occurred at 10 mg/kg, which decreased responding more in males at 1 hr and increased responding more in females at 2 hr, at some frequencies and on some test days. Similar trends were observed at other frequencies, test days, and doses. Morphine's differential effect in males versus females in this procedure suggests that sex comparisons of opioid effects in many animal models may be influenced by sex differences in opioid effects on behavioral output.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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