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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2001 Sep 1;51(1):31-40.

10-year biochemical (prostate-specific antigen) control of prostate cancer with (125)I brachytherapy.

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Seattle Prostate Institute, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, WA 98104, USA.



To report 10-year biochemical (prostate-specific antigen [PSA]) outcomes for patients treated with 125I brachytherapy as monotherapy for early-stage prostate cancer.


One hundred and twenty-five consecutively treated patients, with clinical Stage T1-T2b prostate cancer were treated with 125I brachytherapy as monotherapy, and followed with PSA determinations. Kaplan-Meier estimates of PSA progression-free survival (PFS), on the basis of a two consecutive elevations of PSA, were calculated. Aggregate PSA response by time interval was assessed. Comparisons were made to an earlier-treated cohort.


The overall PSA PFS rate achieved at 10 years was 87% for low-risk patients (PSA < 10, Gleason Sum 2-6, T1-T2b). Of 59 patients (47%) followed beyond 7 years, 51 (86%) had serum PSAs less than 0.5 ng/mL; 48 (81%) had serum PSAs less than 0.2 ng/mL. Failures were local, 3.0%; distant, 3.0%. No patients have died of prostate carcinoma. The proportion of patients with a PSA < or =0.2 ng/mL continued to increase until at least 7-8 years posttherapy. A plot of PSA PFS against the proportion of patients achieving serum PSA of less than 0.2 ng/mL suggests a convergence of these two endpoints at 10 years. Patients treated in the era of this study (1988-1990) experienced a statistically improved PFS compared with an earlier era (1986-1987). This difference appears independent of patient selection, suggesting that the maturation of the technique resulted in improved biochemical control.


With modern technique, monotherapy with 125I achieves a high rate (87%) of biochemical and clinical control in patients with low-risk disease at 10 years. The decline of PSA following brachytherapy with low-dose-rate isotopes can be protracted. Absolute PSA and PFS curves merge, and are comparable at 10 years.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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