Send to

Choose Destination
Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2001 Sep 23;51(1-3):81-96.

Chitosan as a novel nasal delivery system for vaccines.

Author information

West Pharmaceutical Services, Drug Delivery and Clinical Research Centre Ltd., Albert Einstein Centre, Nottingham Science and Technology Park, NG7 2TN, Nottingham, UK.


A variety of different types of nasal vaccine systems has been described to include cholera toxin, microspheres, nanoparticles, liposomes, attenuated virus and cells and outer membrane proteins (proteosomes). The present review describes our work on the use of the cationic polysaccharide, chitosan as a delivery system for nasally administered vaccines. Several animal studies have been carried out on influenza, pertussis and diphtheria vaccines with good results. After nasal administration of the chitosan-antigen nasal vaccines it was generally found that the nasal formulation induced significant serum IgG responses similar to and secretory IgA levels superior to what was induced by a parenteral administration of the vaccine. Animals vaccinated via the nasal route with the various chitosan-antigen vaccines were also found to be protected against the appropriate challenge. So far the nasal chitosan vaccine delivery system has been tested for vaccination against influenza in human subjects. The results of the study showed that the nasal chitosan influenza vaccine was both effective and protective according to the CPMP requirements. The mechanism of action of the chitosan nasal vaccine delivery system is also discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center