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Am J Gastroenterol. 2001 Aug;96(8):2367-72.

Endoscopic therapy of acute diverticular hemorrhage.

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1
Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Diverticular hemorrhage is a common cause of lower GI bleeding and can be diagnosed acutely during colonoscopy. However, whether early diagnosis leads to effective intervention remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether urgent colonoscopic therapy is effective as acute and long term treatment for diverticular bleeding with stigmata of hemorrhage.

METHODS:

We reviewed the medical records of all patients who underwent endoscopic therapy for diverticular bleeding from January, 1994 to June, 2000 at Duke University Medical Center. Patients or their families were contacted to obtain complete follow-up including data on subsequent bleeding.

RESULTS:

We identified 13 patients who underwent colonoscopic hemostatic management for the treatment of acute diverticular bleeding. Therapy consisted of epinephrine injection and/or multipolar electrocoagulation. Five patients (38%) experienced early rebleeding, within 30 days of the index bleed, four of whom required surgery, and three patients (23%) had late rebleeding. There were no complications of endoscopic therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Endoscopic therapy can provide early hemostasis in some cases of acute diverticular hemorrhage. However, its value in preventing subsequent diverticular bleeding is unclear.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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