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Acta Med Okayama. 2001 Aug;55(4):245-52.

Significance of adrenomedullin under cardiopulmonary bypass in children during surgery for congenital heart disease.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology and Resuscitology, Okayama University Medical School, Japan. take0412@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp

Abstract

To elucidate the effect of adrenomedullin (AM) on fluid homeostasis under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), we investigated the serial changes in plasma AM and other parameters related to fluid homeostasis in 13 children (average age, 28.2 months) with congenital heart disease during cardiac surgery under CPB. Arterial blood and urine samples were collected just after initiation of anesthesia, just before commencement of CPB, 10 min before the end of CPB, 60 min after CPB, and 24 h after operation. Plasma AM levels increased significantly 10 min before the end of CPB and decreased 24 h after operation. Urine volume increased transiently during CPB, which paralleled changes in AM. Simple regression analysis showed that plasma AM level correlated significantly with urinary vasopressin, urine volume, urinary sodium excretion, and plasma osmolarity. Stepwise regression analysis indicated that urine volume was the most significant determinant of plasma AM levels. Percent rise in AM during CPB relative to control period correlated with that of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (r = 0.57, P < 0.01). Our results suggest that AM plays an important role in fluid homeostasis under CPB in cooperation with other hormones involved in fluid homeostasis.

PMID:
11512567
DOI:
10.18926/AMO/31995
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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