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Genes Dev. 2001 Aug 15;15(16):2083-93.

Suppression of cap-dependent translation in mitosis.

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Department of Biochemistry and McGill Cancer Center, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y6, Canada.


Cap-dependent translation is mediated by eIF4F, a protein complex composed of three subunits as follows: eIF4E, which recognizes the mRNA 5' cap structure; eIF4A, an RNA-helicase; and eIF4G, a scaffolding protein that binds eIF4E, eIF4A, and the eIF4E-kinase Mnk1 simultaneously. eIF4E is hypophosphorylated and cap-dependent translation is reduced at mitosis. Here, we show that 4E-BP1, a suppressor of eIF4E function, is also hypophosphorylated in mitosis, resulting in disruption of the eIF4F complex. Consequently, eIF4E is sequestered from the eIF4G/Mnk1 complex. These results explain the specific inhibition of cap-dependent translation in mitosis and also explain how eIF4E is rendered hypophosphorylated during mitosis. Furthermore, eIF4E interaction with eIF4GII is strongly decreased coincident with hyperphosphorylation of eIF4GII. Thus, inhibition of cap-dependent translation in mitosis results from a combination of phosphorylation modifications leading to eIF4F complex disruption.

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