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Mol Cell. 2001 Jul;8(1):115-27.

Integrin-specific activation of Rac controls progression through the G(1) phase of the cell cycle.

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Cellular Biochemistry and Biophysics Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.


Adhesion to fibronectin through the alpha5beta1 integrin enables endothelial cells to proliferate in response to growth factors, whereas adhesion to laminin through alpha2beta1 results in growth arrest under the same conditions. On laminin, endothelial cells fail to translate Cyclin D1 mRNA and activate CDK4 and CDK6. Activated Rac, but not MEK1, PI-3K, or Akt, rescues biosynthesis of cyclin D1 and progression through the G(1) phase. Conversely, dominant negative Rac prevents these events on fibronectin. Mitogens promote activation of Rac on fibronectin but not laminin. This process is mediated by SOS and PI-3K and requires coordinate upstream signals through Shc and FAK. These results indicate that Rac is a crucial mediator of the integrin-specific control of cell cycle in endothelial cells.

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