Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Aug 24;286(3):505-12.

Vascular endothelial growth factor: acting as an autocrine growth factor for human gastric adenocarcinoma cell MGC803.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Beijing Institute for Cancer Research, Peking University School of Oncology, Beijing, 100034, People's Republic of China. xtian01@emerald.tufts.edu

Abstract

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to be a highly specific mitogen for endothelial cells through two high-affinity tyrosine kinase receptors, VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2, which are almost specifically expressed in endothelial cells. However, recent findings showed that VEGF receptors may also expressed by nonendothelial cells, especially by tumor cells. To further understand the functional expression of VEGF receptors by nonendothelial cells, our preliminary screening detected the expression of VEGFR-2 in 115 different paraffin-embedded cancer specimens including 35 cases of bladder tumor, 30 cases of breast cancer, 25 cases of intestinal cancer, and 25 cases of lung cancer with immunohistochemistry. The results showed that VEGFR-2 was widely expressed in different tumor tissues. By reverse transcription PCR, NCI-H23, NCI-H460, MGC803, MDA-MB-231, 293, and MCF7 cells were evaluated for the mRNA expression of both VEGF and VEGFR-2. The data indicated that all these tumor cell lines expressed detectable amounts of VEGF mRNA, but only 293, MCF7, and MGC803 cells coexpressed VEGFR-2. Immunoblot analysis also demonstrated the expression of VEGFR-2 at protein level. We further demonstrate that exogenous rhVEGF(165) could stimulate cell growth in MGC803, a tumor cell line derived from gastric adenocarcinoma, in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, the antibodies against rhVEGF(165) and VEGFR-2 could block rhVEGF(165)-mediated proliferation of MGC803 cells. These unexpected results provided direct evidence that VEGF may act as an autocrine growth factor to induce the proliferation of gastric adenocarcinoma cells as well as tumor angiogenic cells, thus suggesting a promising tumor therapeutic application based upon the VEGF system.

PMID:
11511087
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.2001.5409
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center