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Intervirology. 2001;44(4):250-4.

Role of interleukin-18 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells infected with human herpes virus type 6.

Author information

1
Institute of Medical Microbiology, Policlinico Universitario, University of Messina, Via C. Valeria, I-98125 Messina, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Interleukin 18 (IL-18) production represents a critical step in the polarization of the Th1 immune response. Human herpes virus type 6 (HHV-6) possesses a peculiar tropism for immunocompetent cells. To understand the relationships among immunocompetent cells, HHV-6 and cytokines, the role of IL-18 during infection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with HHV-6 was evaluated.

METHODS:

PBMC were obtained from healthy HHV-6-seronegative donors, after centrifugation of heparinized venous blood over a Ficoll-Hypaque gradient. Supernatants from PBMC were analyzed for the presence of cytokines. To study the effects of exogenous recombinant human (rh) IL-18 on HHV-6 replication, the number of cells expressing viral antigens and the amount of extracellular virus were analysed.

RESULTS:

No basal production of IL-18 was found in supernatants of unstimulated PBMC. Appreciable amounts of the cytokine were produced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated PBMC. HHV-6 infection of LPS-treated PBMC downregulated IL-18 production. It was found that the addition of rhIL-18 to HHV-6-infected PBMC downregulated the percentage of antigen-positive cells and the release of extracellular virus.

CONCLUSION:

Impairment of IL-18 release, which is involved in the induction of antiviral cytokines, such as interferon-gamma, could represent a strategy of the virus to evade the immune response of the host.

PMID:
11509888
DOI:
10.1159/000050055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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