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Eur Addict Res. 2001 Aug;7(3):117-27.

Relation between average alcohol consumption and disease: an overview.

Author information

1
Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To conduct an overview of alcohol-related health consequences and to estimate relative risk for chronic consequences and attributable fractions for acute consequences.

METHODS:

Identification of alcohol-related consequences was performed by means of reviewing and evaluating large-scale epidemiological studies and reviews on alcohol and health, including epidemiological contributions to major social cost studies. Relative risks and alcohol-attributable fractions were drawn from the international literature and risk estimates were updated, whenever possible, by means of meta-analytical techniques.

RESULTS:

More than 60 health consequences were identified for which a causal link between alcohol consumption and outcome can be assumed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Future research on alcohol-related health consequences should focus on standardization of exposure measures and take into consideration both average volume of consumption and patterns of drinking.

PMID:
11509842
DOI:
10.1159/000050729
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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