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J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 2001 Aug;8(3):348-52.

Fertility outcome after tubal anastomosis by laparoscopy and laparotomy.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, CHA General Hospital, College of Medicine, Pochon CHA University, 650-9 Yoksam-1-dong, Kangnam-gu, Seoul, 135-081, Korea.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate fertility outcome and benefit of laparoscopic tubal anastomosis compared with laparotomy.

DESIGN:

Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

SETTING:

University hospital.

PATIENTS:

Eighty-one women requesting reversal of sterilization. Fertility outcome was analyzed in 76 patients for a minimum of 6 months.

INTERVENTION:

Laparoscopic tubal anastomosis in 37 women and abdominal tubal anastomosis in 44.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

In both groups anastomosis was performed in two layers with four stitches using microsurgical technique. Overall pregnancy rates were 80.5% in the laparoscopy and 80.0% in the laparotomy group. The mean interval from operation to pregnancy was similar in the two groups (p = 0.9). Mean operating time was significantly longer for laparoscopy (201.9 +/- 33.8 min) than for laparotomy (148.7 +/- 32.5 min), including diagnostic laparoscopy. However, mean hospital stay was shorter for laparoscopy than for laparotomy (3.3 +/- 2.0 vs 6.1 +/- 0.6 days, p <0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Laparoscopic tubal anastomosis is less invasive and could be an alternative to laparotomy for reversal of tubal sterilization. Advanced laparoscopic equipment and much experience could enhance the pregnancy rate and reduce operating time.

PMID:
11509772
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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