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J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 9;276(45):42501-8. Epub 2001 Aug 16.

Role of the FYVE finger and the RUN domain for the subcellular localization of Rabip4.

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  • 1INSERM EPI9911 and IFR50, Faculté de Médecine, Avenue de Vallombrose 06107 Nice Cedex 02, France.


Rabip4 is a Rab4 effector, which possesses a RUN domain, two coiled-coil domains, and a FYVE finger. It is associated with the early endosomes and leads, in concert with Rab4, to the enlargement of endosomes, resulting in the fusion of sorting and recycling endosomes. Our goal was to characterize the role of these various domains in Rabip4 subcellular localization and their function in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Although the FYVE finger domain specifically bound phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and was necessary for the function of Rabip4, it was not sufficient for the protein association with membranes. Indeed a protein containing the FYVE finger and the Rab4-binding site was cytosolic, whereas the total protein was mostly associated to the membrane fraction, whether or not cells were pretreated with wortmannin. By contrast, a construct corresponding to the N-terminal end, Rabip4-(1-212), and containing the RUN domain was membrane-associated. The complete protein partitioned between the Triton X-100-insoluble and -soluble fractions and a wortmannin treatment increased the amount of the protein in the Triton X-100 fraction. Rabip4-(1-212) was totally Triton X-100-insoluble, and confocal microscopic examination showed that it labeled not only the endosomes, positive for Rabip4, but also a filamentous network with a honeycomb appearance. The Triton X-100-insoluble fraction that contains Rabip4 did not correspond to the caveolin or glycosylphosphatidylinositol-enriched lipid rafts. Rabip4 did not appear directly linked to actin but seemed associated to the actin network. We propose that the subcellular localization of the protein is primarily driven by the RUN domain to endosomal microdomains characterized by Triton X-100 insolubility and that the FYVE domain and the Rab4-binding domain then allow for the recruitment of the protein to lipophilic microdomains enriched in phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate.

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