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Cytokine. 2001 Jul 7;15(1):39-46.

Expression of IL-15 and IL-4 in IFN-gamma-independent control of experimental human Cryptosporidium parvum infection.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

We have previously demonstrated interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) in intestinal mucosa after experimental human Cryptosporidium parvum infection, but expression was limited to sensitized volunteers. To characterize IFN-gamma-independent mechanisms in control of infection, jejunal biopsies from immunocompetent volunteers experimentally challenged with C. parvum were examined by in situ hybridization for interleukin (IL-)15 and IL-4 mRNA with confirmation by immunohistochemistry. Cytokine expression was correlated with prechallenge anti- C. parvum IgG, symptoms, oocyst shedding, and prior IFN-gamma expression data. IL-15 expression was noted only in those without prior sensitization, who did not express IFN-gamma. By contrast, expression of IL-4 was associated with prior sensitization. IL-15 was only detected in those with symptoms (6/14 symptomatic vs 0/3 asymptomatic, P<0.05). Among 14 volunteers who did not express IFN-gamma, oocyst shedding was lower in those expressing IL-15. Overall, 14/15 volunteers who did not shed oocysts expressed either IFN-gamma or IL-15. There was no correlation between expression of IL-4 and symptoms or oocyst shedding. In conclusion, IL-15 expression was associated with control of oocyst shedding in those not expressing IFN-gamma. These data suggest that IL-15 is involved in IFN-gamma independent mechanisms of control of human cryptosporidiosis, perhaps via activation of the innate immune response.

PMID:
11509007
DOI:
10.1006/cyto.2001.0888
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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