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Dig Dis Sci. 2001 Aug;46(8):1757-64.

Coordinated Muc2 and Muc3 mucin gene expression in Trichinella spiralis infection in wild-type and cytokine-deficient mice.

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Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55417, USA.


Mucin hypersecretion is an important component of the immune response to gastrointestinal nematode infection. Two discrete types of mucin proteins exist in the mouse intestine, secretory Muc2 and membrane-bound Muc3. We examined Muc2 and Muc3 expression in wild-type mice and mice lacking gamma interferon receptor (IFNgammaR-/-), tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1-/-) and interleukin 4 (IL4-/-) infected with Trichinella spiralis. Infected wild-type mice demonstrated significant goblet cell hyperplasia and increased mucin glycoprotein. In situ hybridization showed this was accompanied by increases in Muc2 and Muc3 mRNA. Total intestinal mucin protein and Muc2 and Muc3 mRNA levels were also significantly increased in cytokine-deficient mice. These data demonstrate the coordinated up-regulation of two types of mucin genes in response to T. spiralis infection and may form the basis of an innate mucosal response independent of IFN-gamma, TNF, and IL-4.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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