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Eur J Cancer. 2001 Aug;37(12):1463-8.

Oestrogen and vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotypes and the expression of ErbB-2 and EGF receptor in human rectal cancers.

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1st Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University Budapest, Korányi 2/a, Budapest H-1083, Hungary.

Erratum in

  • Eur J Cancer 2001 Oct;37(15):1963.


Oestrogen/oestrogen receptor (ER) and vitamin D/vitamin D receptor (VDR) systems have been implicated in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancers. The expression of erbB-2 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in colorectal cancers has been suggested to have diagnostic and prognostic significance. In our study, XbaI and PvuII polymorphisms of the ER gene and the BsmI polymorphism of the VDR gene were studied in 56 Caucasian patients with rectal cancer. The relationship between the ER and VDR genotypes and the expression of oncogenes was also investigated. The presence of the x allele of ER gene significantly correlated with the overexpression of the erbB-2 and EGFR oncogenes. Significantly increased erbB-2 expression was observed in patients with the VDR B allele. The XXbb allelic combination of the ER/VDR genes was associated with a significantly lower erbB-2 expression, whereas in the other genotypes significantly higher oncogene expression was seen. Our data raise the possibility that ER/VDR gene polymorphisms accompanied by variable oncogene expression might influence the pathogenetic processes of colorectal cancers.

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