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Planta. 2001 Jul;213(3):435-45.

Solubilization of rhamnogalacturonan I galactosyltransfrases from membranes of a flax cell suspension.

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University of Rouen, SCUEOR, ESA 6037 CNRS, Mont Saint Aignan, France.


Galactosyltransferases (GalTs), capable of transferring a galactosyl residue from UDP-galactose (UDP-Gal) to polysaccharide acceptor, were solubilized from flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) membranes using 0.5% CHAPS. The observed requirement for a rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) exogenous substrate to stimulate the solubilized GalT activity provided the first evidence for the presence of RG-I GalT activities in flax cells. An assay to measure specifically the products of this RG-I GalT activity was designed, based on size-exclusion chromatography. Labelled products were characterized as an RG-I polymer by using purified RG-I hydrolase or lyase. At pH 8 and in the presence of 5 mM CaCl2, beta-D-galactosyl residues were specifically transferred onto RG-I branches of short beta-(1 --> 4)-D-galactan side chains. These side chains were liable to hydrolysis by beta-galactosidase and endo-beta-(1 --> 4)-D-galactanase. The RG-I GalT had a temperature optimum of 30 degrees C. an apparent Km for UDP-Gal and exogenous RG-I substrate of 460 +/- 40 microM and 1.1 +/- 0.1 mg ml(-1) respectively, and a Vmax of 3.0 +/- 0.5 pkat mg(-1) protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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