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Mol Cell Biochem. 2001 May;221(1-2):41-8.

Influence of hyper- and hypothyroidism on lipid peroxidation, unsaturation of phospholipids, glutathione system and oxidative damage to nuclear and mitochondrial DNA in mice skeletal muscle.

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Department of Animal Biology-II (Animal Physiology), Faculty of Biology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.


While the biochemical literature on free radical metabolism is extensive, there is little information on the endocrine control of tissue oxidative stress, and in the case of thyroid hormones it is mainly limited to liver tissue and to short-term effects on a few selected biochemical parameters. In this investigation, chronic hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism were successfully induced in mice, and various oxidative-stress-related parameters were studied in skeletal muscle. In vivo and in vitro lipid peroxidation significantly increased in hyperthyroidism and did not change in the hypothyroid state. The fatty acid composition of the major phospholipid classes was affected by thyroid hormones, leading to a significant decrease in total fatty acid unsaturation both in hypothyroid and hyperthyroid muscle in phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine fractions. In cardiolipin, however, the double bond content significantly increased as a function of thyroid status, leading to a 2.7 fold increase in the peroxidizability index from euthyroid to hyperthyroid muscle. Cardiolipin content was also directly and significantly related to thyroid state across the three groups. Glutathione system was not modified by thyroid state. The oxidative damage marker 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine did not change in mitochondrial DNA, and decreased in genomic DNA both in hypothyroid and hyperthyroid muscle. The results indicate that chronic alterations in thyroid status specially affect oxidative damage to lipids in skeletal muscle, with a probably stronger effect on mitochondrial membranes, whereas the cytosolic redox potential and DNA are better protected possibly due to homeostatic compensatory reactions on the long-term.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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